Database Administrator’s Guide. Contents. Previous Next. Page of Search. This Book This Release. Table of Contents. open Oracle Database. Overview of Triggers. A trigger is a named program unit that is stored in the database and fired (executed) in response to a specified event. The specified event. Prerequisites. The trigger must be in your own schema or you must have ALTER ANY TRIGGER system privilege. In addition, to alter a trigger on DATABASE.

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Return the list of object names of objects being modified in the event. They are provided to assist you in designing your own triggers.

For example, use triggers to provide disparadorss auditing for each row. If the function or package specified in the trigger is dropped, then the trigger is marked invalid. Do not create recursive triggers. Publish information about database events, user events, and SQL statements to subscribing applications. Use triggers only for centralized, global operations that must fire for the triggering statement, regardless of which user or database application issues the statement.

9 Using Triggers

Disparadorees there, your application can control how much access this user has, based on his or her session information. Risparadores test any triggers that require error trapping to succeed to ensure that they always work properly in your environment.


Oracle Database Concepts for a description of the various types of triggers and Oracle Database Application Developer’s Guide – Fundamentals for more information on how to design triggers. All database audit information is recorded centrally and automatically using the auditing features of the database.

Oracle / PLSQL: AFTER INSERT Trigger

Oracle Database Reference for a complete description of these data dictionary views. Because the row no longer exists after the row is deleted, the: Auditing of Unsuccessful Data Access. Declarative constraints are statements about the database that disparxdores always true. Explicit recompilation eliminates the need for implicit run-time recompilation and prevents associated run-time compilation errors and performance overhead.

Triggers can enforce integrity rules other than referential integrity. Transparent Event Logging and Triggers Triggers are very useful when you want to transparently perform a related change in the database following certain events. Use orafle to guarantee that when a specific operation is performed, related actions are performed.

Before, after, each row and table level triggers [Oracle]

You might use the AFTER keyword if you want the trigger to query or change the same table, because sisparadores can only do that after the initial changes are applied and the table is back in a consistent state. Performing DML operations directly on nested table columns does not cause Oracle Database to fire triggers defined on the table containing the nested table column.

A trigger is compiled when it is created. Auditing with Triggers Triggers are commonly used to supplement the built-in auditing features of the database. If the expression evaluates to TRUE for a row, then the trigger body executes on behalf of that row.


Application context is a secure session cache, and it can be used to store session-specific attributes. You may need to set up data structures for certain examples to work: Define a compound trigger on updates of the table hr.

These triggers can be defined over views, and they fire instead of the actual DML. A trigger that accesses a remote site cannot do remote exception handling if the network link is unavailable.

These restrictions are also not enforced among tables in the same database that are connected by loop-back database links. After you have completed the task that required the trigger to be disabled, re-enable the trigger, so that it fires when appropriate. Compiled triggers have dependencies. This means it effectively blocks all triggering DML statements until it is disabled, replaced by a version orzcle compilation errors, or dropped.

Enabling and Disabling Triggers

The session that issued the triggering statement cannot query or modify a mutating table. Any trigger that was modified, dispparadores not committed, within the same transaction as the triggering event. Also, no transaction control statements are allowed in a trigger.